trans-2-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-2-methylcyclopropane-1-carbonitrile

trans-2-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-2-methylcyclopropane-1-carbonitrile

yellowish solid (53 mg, 66%);

m.p. = 72 °C;

1 H-NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 6.77 – 6.71 (m, 3H), 5.94 (s, 2H), 1.63 – 1.59 (m, 4H), 1.50 (dd, J = 9.1, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 1.26 (t, J = 5.3 Hz, 1H);

13CNMR (151 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 147.80, 146.73, 136.69, 120.64, 120.23, 108.28, 108.17, 101.19, 28.75, 23.86, 21.40, 11.30;

HRMS (ESI): m/z calc. for [C12H11O2NK]: 240.0414, found 240.04204;

IR (KBr): νmax/cm-1 = 2972, 2897, 2231, 1490, 1457, 1434, 1349, 1226, 1080, 1033, 924, 869, 808, 728.

1H NMR PREDICT

13C NMR PREDICT

 Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C7GC00602K, Communication

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C[C@@]1([C@H](C#N)C1)C2=CC(OCO3)=C3C=C2

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Efficient synthesis of isoquinolines in water by a Pd-catalyzed tandem reaction of functionalized alkylnitriles with arylboronic acids

Efficient synthesis of isoquinolines in water by a Pd-catalyzed tandem reaction of functionalized alkylnitriles with arylboronic acids

Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC00267J, Paper
Kun Hu, Linjun Qi, Shuling Yu, Tianxing Cheng, Xiaodong Wang, Zhaojun Li, Yuanzhi Xia, Jiuxi Chen, Huayue Wu
Pd-catalyzed tandem reaction of functionalized alkylnitriles with arylboronic acids for the synthesis of diverse isoquinolines in water.

Efficient synthesis of isoquinolines in water by a Pd-catalyzed tandem reaction of functionalized alkylnitriles with arylboronic acids

Kun Hu,a   Linjun Qi,a   Shuling Yu,a   Tianxing Cheng,a  Xiaodong Wang,a   Zhaojun Li,b   Yuanzhi Xia,a  Jiuxi Chen*a and   Huayue Wua  
*Corresponding authors
aCollege of Chemistry & Materials Engineering, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325035, China
E-mail: jiuxichen@wzu.edu.cn
bInstitute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China
Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C7GC00267J, 

A palladium-catalyzed tandem reaction of 2-(cyanomethyl)benzonitriles or 2-(2-carbonylphenyl)acetonitriles with arylboronic acids in water has been developed for the first time. This reaction features good functional group tolerance and provides a new strategy for the synthesis of diverse isoquinolines under mild conditions. The use of water as the reaction medium makes the synthesis process environmentally benign. Preliminary mechanistic experiments indicate that the major reaction pathway involves carbopalladation of the C(sp3)–cyano group and subsequent intramolecular cyclization findings that were further supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.
Capture
STR1

1,3-Diphenylisoquinoline (3a). Pale-yellow solid (103.5 mg, 92%),

mp 78-79 oC (lit.24,  73-74.5 oC). 24 J. D. Tovar and T. M. Swager, J. Org. Chem., 1999, 64, 6499

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.25-8.23 (m, 2H), 8.15-8.14 (m, 1H), 8.09 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.93 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.70-7.67 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.50 (m, 6H), 7.44-7.40 (m, 1H);

13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3) δ 160.5, 150.3, 140.1, 139.8, 138.0, 130.4, 130.2, 128.8, 128.7, 128.6, 128.4, 127.7, 127.6, 127.2, 127.0, 126.0, 115.8.

//////// isoquinoline, pd-catalyzed, arylboronic acids

Heck–Matsuda Reaction in Flow

Abstract Image

Product 3 was obtained as a mixture of diastereomers (58:42). The NMR data are consistent with literature precedent.20a

Major diastereomer: 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 7.25-7.28 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.17 (m, 2H), 5.14 (dd, 1H, J = 2.5, 5.8 Hz), 4.29 (t, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 3.79 (dd, 1H, J = 6.9, 8.4 Hz), 3.54-3.62 (m, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.32 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 12.9 Hz), 2.04 (ddd, 1H, J = 5.1, 9.3, 13.1 Hz);

Minor diastereomer: 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.25-7.28 (m, 4H), 5.16 (d, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 4.17 (t, 1H, J = 8.1 Hz), 3.72 (dd, 1H, J = 8.5, 9.7 Hz), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.32-3.36 (m, 1H), 2.59 (ddd, 1H, J = 5.5, 10.3, 13.7 Hz), 1.91 (ddd, 1H, J = 2.4, 7.7, 10.2 Hz);

13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 141.4, 140.0, 132.4, 132.3, 129.1, 128.7, 128.7, 128.5, 105.7, 105.4, 73.7, 73.0, 54.9, 54.7, 43.6, 42.1, 41.4, 41.1.

(20) (a) Oliveira, C. C.; Angnes, R. A.; Correia, C. R. D. J. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 4373. (b) Oliveira, C. C.; Pfaltz, A.; Correia, C. R. D. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 14036.

The optimization of a palladium-catalyzed Heck–Matsuda reaction using an optimization algorithm is presented. We modified and implemented the Nelder–Mead method in order to perform constrained optimizations in a multidimensional space. We illustrated the power of our modified algorithm through the optimization of a multivariable reaction involving the arylation of a deactivated olefin with an arenediazonium salt. The great flexibility of our optimization method allows to fine-tune experimental conditions according to three different objective functions: maximum yield, highest throughput, and lowest production cost. The beneficial properties of flow reactors associated with the power of intelligent algorithms for the fine-tuning of experimental parameters allowed the reaction to proceed in astonishingly simple conditions unable to promote the coupling through traditional batch chemistry.

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BENZYL VINYL ETHER

Green Chem., 2016, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C5GC02977E, Communication

Ryosuke Matake, Yusuke Adachi, Hiroshi Matsubara

A convenient preparation of vinyl ethers from alcohols with calcium carbide was developed. This protocol is an alternative to the Favorskii-Reppe reaction without any high pressure device.

Vinyl ethers are important and useful synthetic building blocks. Using a test tube with a screw cap, a convenient preparation of vinyl ethers from alcohols with calcium carbide under superbasic catalytic conditions (KOH/DMSO) was developed. The vinylation of primary and secondary alcohols was successfully achieved, affording the desired products in good yields. The gram-scale preparation of a vinyl ether was also demonstrated. In this reaction, calcium carbide acts as an acetylene source, constituting a safer alternative to acetylene gas.

 F. de Nanteuil, E. Serrano, D. Perrotta and J. Waser, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136, 6239.

1H NMR

1H NMR PREDICT using nmrdb , signals may vary , use your discretion to understand sequence

13C NMR

13 C NMR PREDICT

Synthesis of vinyl ethers of alcohols using calcium carbide under superbasic catalytic conditions (KOH/DMSO)

*Corresponding authors

aDepartment of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Japan

Green Chem., 2016, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C5GC02977E

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2-(BENZYLOXYL)-6-ETHYL-2H-PYRAN-4-ONE

2-(BENZYLOXYL)-6-ETHYL-2H-PYRAN-4-ONE

 
 

 

see………http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2015/12/6-ethyl-4-hydroxy-2-pyrone.html

 

DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO …..FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

 

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////////

8-Oxo-5-aza-spiro[2.5]octane-5-carboxylic acid benzyl ester,

str2

1H NMR PREDICT OF TITLE COMPD

…………………………………
13C NMR PREDICT

……………….

8-Oxo-5-aza-spiro[2.5]octane-5,7-dicarboxylic acid 5 benzyl ester 7 methyl ester
COMPD 5

SYNTHESIS CONSTRUCTION BY WORLDDRUGTRACKER………EXCLUSIVE

 

सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से जिंदगी चल जाये। औकात बस इतनी देना, कि औरों का भला हो जाये।
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09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON
He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy
सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से
जिंदगी चल जाये।
औकात बस इतनी देना,
कि औरों का भला हो जाये।

 

////////////

Scalable Access to Aeruginosins

thumbnail image: Scalable Access to Aeruginosins

Scalable Access to Aeruginosins

Palladium-catalyzed C–H activation reactions

Read more

http://www.chemistryviews.org/details/ezine/7956351/Scalable_Access_to_Aeruginosins.html

 

 

http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/13/4/2347

 

 

सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से जिंदगी चल जाये। औकात बस इतनी देना, कि औरों का भला हो जाये।
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO …..FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

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Join me on Facebook FACEBOOK

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09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON
He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy
सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से
जिंदगी चल जाये।
औकात बस इतनी देना,
कि औरों का भला हो जाये।

 

 

Synthesis of 2-dimethylaminomethyl-cyclohexanone hydrochloride

Synthesis of 2-dimethylaminomethyl-cyclohexanone hydrochloride

http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/09/synthesis-of-2-dimethylaminomethyl.html
Cyclohexanone+Paraformaldehyde+Dimethylammonium chloride

EtOH, HCl
reacts to
 

2-Dimethylaminomethyl cyclohexanone hydrochloride

Synthesis of 2-dimethylaminomethyl-cyclohexanone hydrochloride

Reaction type: reaction of the carbonyl group in aldehydes, Mannich reaction
Substance classes: ketone, aldehyde, amine
Techniques: heating under reflux, stirring with magnetic stir bar, evaporating with rotary evaporator, filtering, recrystallizing, heating with oil bath
Degree of difficulty: Easy

Equipment

round bottom flask 25 mL round bottom flask 25 mL   reflux condenser reflux condenser
suction filter suction filter   suction flask suction flask
heatable magnetic stirrer with magnetic stir bar heatable magnetic stirrer with magnetic stir bar   rotary evaporator rotary evaporator
exsiccator with drying agent exsiccator with drying agent   oil bath oil bath
 
Operating scheme
 
 
 
Inline image 1
 
 
Instruction (batch scale 100 mmol) 
Equipment 
100 mL round bottom flask, reflux condenser, Buechner funnel (Ø 5.5 cm), suction flask, 
heatable magnetic stirrer, magnetic stir bar, rotary evaporator, desiccator, oil bath 
Substances 
cyclohexanone (bp 156 °C) 9.82 g (10.3 mL, 100 mmol) 
paraformaldehyde (mp 120-170 °C) 3.60 g (120 mmol) 
dimethylammonium chloride 8.16 g (100 mmol) 
hydrochloric acid (conc.) 0.4 mL 
ethanol (bp 78 °C) 64 mL 
acetone (bp 56 °C) 180 mL 
 
Reaction 
9.82 g (10.3 mL, 100 mmol) cyclohexanone, 3.60 g (120 mmol) paraformaldehyde, 8.16 g 
(100 mmol) dimethylammonium chloride and 4 mL ethanol are filled in a 100 mL round 
bottom flask with reflux condenser and magnetic stir bar. 0.4 mL conc. hydrochloric acid are 
added and the mixture is heated under stirring for 4 hours under reflux. 
Work up 
The hot solution is filtered in a round-bottom flask and the solvent is evaporated at the rotary 
evaporator. The residue is dissolved in 20 mL ethanol under heating. At room temperature 
70 mL acetone are added to the solution. For complete crystallization the solution is stored 
over night in the freezer compartment. The crystallized crude product is sucked off over a 
Buechner funnel (Ø = 5.5 cm) and dried in the desiccator over silica gel. 
Crude yield: 15.6 g; mp 149-150 °C 
For further purification the crude product is again dissolved in about 40 mL ethanol under 
reflux and at room temperature 110 mL acetone are added. The crystallization is completed in 
the freezer compartment. The product is sucked off and dried in the desiccator. 
Yield: 14.7 g (76.7 mmol, 77%,); mp 156-157 °C 
Comments 
To verify a complete crystallization, the mother liquor is stored in the freezer compartment. 
No product should crystallize any further.
 
 
 
 
 

Simple evaluation indices

Atom economy   not defined  
Yield   76 %
Target product mass   1.45 g
Sum of input masses   54 g
Mass efficiency   27 mg/g
Mass index   37 g input / g product
E factor   36 g waste / g product
 
 
 
 
 
1H NMR
 
Inline image 2
 
 
Inline image 3
 
 
1H-NMR: 2-Dimethylaminomethyl cyclohexanone hydrochloride
500 MHz, CDCl3
delta [ppm] mult. atoms assignment
1.35 m 1 H  
1.54 m 1 H  
1.73 m 1 H  
1.82 m 1 H  
2.05 m 1 H  
2.37 m 2 H 6-H (ring)
2.41 m 1 H  
2.67 d 3 H N-CH3
2.74 m 1 H  
2.77 d 3 H N-CH3
3.09 m 1 H N-CH2
3.57 m 1 H N-CH2
11.88 m 1 H N-H
7.26     CHCl3
13C NMR
 
 
Inline image 4
Inline image 5
 
13C-NMR: 2-Dimethylaminomethyl cyclohexanone hydrochloride
125 MHz, CDCl3
delta [ppm] assignment
24.70 C5
27.70 C3
33.88 C4
41.75 CH3
42.26 CH3
44.99 C6
46.69 C2
56.80 -CH2-N-
209.58 C1 (C=O)
76.5-77.5 CDCl3
 
IR
 
 
Inline image 6
 
IR: 2-Dimethylaminomethyl cyclohexanone hydrochloride
[Film, T%, cm-1]
[cm-1] assignment
3068, 3020 N-H valence
2932, 2858 C-H valence
1698 C=O valence, ketone