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Oleanolic acid spectral data and interpretation

 http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/08/oleanolic-acid-spectral-data-and.html
Chemical structure for Oleanolic AcidOleanolic acidOleanolic acid
(4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10S,12aR,14bS)-10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid

Oleanic acid, Caryophyllin, Astrantiagenin C, Giganteumgenin C, Virgaureagenin B, 3beta-Hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid, OLEANOLIC_ACID
Molecular Formula: C30H48O3
Molecular Weight: 456.70032

http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/08/oleanolic-acid-spectral-data-and.html

Ursolic acid [(3b)-3-Hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid] rarely occurs without its isomer oleanolic acid [(3b)-3-Hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid] They may occur in their free acid form, as shown in Figure 1, or as aglycones for triterpenoid saponins which are comprised of a triterpenoid aglycone linked to one or more sugar moieties. Ursolic and oleanolic acids are similar in pharmacological activity

A pentacyclic triterpene that occurs widely in many PLANTS as the free acid or the aglycone for many SAPONINS. It is biosynthesized from lupane. It can rearrange to the isomer, ursolic acid, or be oxidized to taraxasterol and amyrin.

MS
EIMS m/z (rel. int.) 456 [M]+ (5), 412 (3), 248 (100), 203 (50), 167 (25), 44 (51)

IR KBR
(KBr) 3500, 2950, 2850, 1715; 1H-NMR (250 MHz, pyridine-d5) δ: 5.49 (1H, s, H-12), 3.47 (1H, t, J = 8.0 Hz, H-3), 3.30 (1H, m, H-18), 1.12 (3H, s, CH3-27), 0.96 (3H, s, CH3-30), 0.91 (3H, s, CH3-25), 0.89 (3H, s, CH3-23), 0.87 (3H, s, CH3-24), 0.75 (3H, s, CH3-26)

http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/08/oleanolic-acid-spectral-data-and.html

1H NMR

(250 MHz, pyridine-d5)δ: 5.49 (1H, s, H-12), 3.47 (1H, t, J = 8.0 Hz, H-3), 3.30 (1H, m, H-18), 1.12 (3H, s, CH3-27), 0.96 (3H, s, CH3-30), 0.91 (3H, s, CH3-25), 0.89 (3H, s, CH3-23), 0.87 (3H, s, CH3-24), 0.75 (3H, s, CH3-26)

13 C NMR

(63 MHz, pyridine-d5) δ: 180.2 (C-28), 144.8 (C-13), 122.5 (C-12), 78.0 (C-3), 55.7 (C-5), 48.0 (C-9), 46.6 (C-8, 17), 42.1 (C-14), 39.7 (C-4), 39.4 (C-1), 37.3 (C-10), 33.2 (C-7), 32.9 (C-29), 32.4 (C-21), 30.9 (C-20), 28.7 (C-23), 27.2 (C-2), 26.9 (C-15), 26.1 (C-30), 23.7 (C-11), 23.6 (C-16), 18.7 (C-6), 17.4 (C-26), 16.5 (C-24), 15.5 (C-25)

http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/08/oleanolic-acid-spectral-data-and.html

http://www.google.com/patents/US20120237629

FIG. 4 shows the 1H NMR spectrum of oleanolic acid;
FIG. 5 shows the 13C NMR spectrum of oleanolic acid;
FIG. 6 shows the 13C DEPT NMR spectrum of oleanolic acid;
FIG. 7 shows the 113C HSQC NMR spectrum of oleanolic acid;
see below

http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2014/08/oleanolic-acid-spectral-data-and.html

EXAMPLE 2 Extraction and Isolation of Oleanolic Acid (9) and Maslinic Acid (10) from Cloves

Syzygium aromaticum dried buds or whole cloves were obtained commercially. The cloves (1.5 kg, whole) of Syzygium aromaticum were sequentially and exhaustively extracted with hexane and ethyl acetate to give, after solvent removal in vacuo, a hexane extract (68.8 g, 4.9%) and an ethyl acetate extract (34.1 g, 2.3%). A portion of the ethyl acetate extract (10.0 g), was subjected to chromatographic separation on silica gel (60-120 mesh) column (40×5.0 cm). Elution with hexane/ethyl acetate solvent mixtures (8:2→6:4) afforded pure oleanolic acid (9) (4.7 g, 1.06%), a mixture of oleanolic acid (9) and maslinic acid (10) (0.5 g), and pure maslinic acid (10) (0.25 g). The structures of oleanolic acid (9) and maslinic acid (10) (as 2,3-diacetoxyoleanolic acid) were confirmed by spectroscopic data analysis (1D and 2D 1H NMR and 13C NMR experiments) (FIGS. 4-7 and FIGS. 8-10, respectively).
ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO

THANKS AND REGARD’S
DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

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Synthon identification in co-crystals and polymorphs with IR spectroscopy. Primary amides as a case study

Synthon identification in co-crystals and polymorphs with IR spectroscopy. Primary amides as a case study

CrystEngComm, 2013, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE40286J, Paper
Arijit Mukherjee, Srinu Tothadi, Shaunak Chakraborty, Somnath Ganguly, Gautam R. Desiraju
IR marker bands are used to identify multiple synthons in polymorphs and co-crystals

IR spectroscopy has been widely employed to distinguish between different crystal forms such as polymorphs, clathrates, hydrates and co-crystals. IR has been used to monitor co-crystal formation and single synthon detection. In this work, we have developed a strategy to identify multiple supramolecular synthons in polymorphs and co-crystals with this technique.

The identification of multiple synthons in co-crystals with IR is difficult for several reasons. In this paper, a four step method involving well assigned IR spectral markers that correspond to bonds in a synthon is used. IR spectra of three forms of the co-crystal system, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid:4,4′-bipyridine (2 : 1), show clear differences that may be attributed to differences in the synthon combinations existing in the forms (synthon polymorphism).

These differences were picked out from the three IR spectra and the bands analysed and assigned to synthons. Our method first identifies IR marker bands corresponding to (covalent) bonds in known/model crystals and then the markers are mapped in known co-crystals having single synthons. Thereafter, the IR markers are queried in known co-crystals with multiple synthons.

Finally they are queried in unknown co-crystals with multiple synthons. In the last part of the study, the N–H stretching absorptions of primary amides that crystallize with the amide dimers linked in a ladder like chain show two specific absorptions which are used as marker absorptions and all variations of this band structure have been used to provide details on the environment around the dimer. The extended dimer can accordingly be easily distinguished from the isolated dimer.

CrystEngComm, 2013, Advance Article

Arijit mukherjee et al
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE40286J
Received 14 Feb 2013, Accepted 28 Mar 2013
First published online 02 Apr 2013

link

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2013/CE/C3CE40286J?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FCE+%28RSC+-+CrystEngComm+latest+articles%29