Structural evolution of carbon in an Fe@C catalyst during the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reaction

Graphical abstract: Structural evolution of carbon in an Fe@C catalyst during the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reaction

Structural evolution of carbon in an Fe@C catalyst during the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reaction

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Abstract

A pseudo-in situ research method was applied to provide insight into the structural evolution of carbon in an Fe@C catalyst at different stages of the Fischer–Tropsch reaction. Five typical stages of the catalyst were selected for in-depth structural investigation; these were: the fresh catalyst, reduced catalyst, and catalyst in the stable conversion period, in an increased-conversion period and at the inactivation stage. The results indicated that the integral structure of Fe@C constantly changed in the Fischer–Tropsch reaction. Iron carbide transformed from the Fe phase that was easily oxidized under high temperature Fischer–Tropsch conditions, and the carbon framework was completely destroyed in the reaction process, leading to a drastic decrease in the specific surface area of the material. This destruction could have two opposing effects: on the one hand, the loss of carbon could re-expose the active sites that have been covered by carbon at a reaction temperature of 320 °C and favor the reaction; on the other hand, the deposition of carbon could block the active sites and lead to inactivation when the reaction temperature is over 340 °C.

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2019/CY/C8CY02420K?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2Fcy+%28RSC+-+Catalysis+Science+%26+Technology+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract

////////Fischer–Tropsch

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Eco-friendly decarboxylative cyclization in water: practical access to the anti-malarial 4-quinolones

Graphical abstract: Eco-friendly decarboxylative cyclization in water: practical access to the anti-malarial 4-quinolones

Abstract

An environmentally benign decarboxylative cyclization in water has been developed to synthesize 4-quinolones from readily available isatoic anhydrides and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Isatins are also compatible for the reaction to generate 4-quinolones in the presence of TBHP in DMSO. This protocol provides excellent yields under mild conditions for a broad scope of 4-quinolones, and has good functional group tolerance. Only un-harmful carbon dioxide and water are released in this procedure. Moreover, the newly synthesized products have also been selected for anti-malarial examination against the chloroquine drug-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 strain. 3u is found to display excellent anti-malarial activity with an IC50 value of 33 nM.

Eco-friendly decarboxylative cyclization in water: practical access to the anti-malarial 4-quinolones

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https://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2019/GC/C8GC03570A?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2FGC+%28RSC+-+Green+Chem.+latest+articles%29#!divAbstract

ethyl 2-(4-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (3u) White solid, m.p. 288-289 oC;

1H NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.14 (s, 1H), 8.13 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (ddd, J = 8.4, 7.1, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (td, J = 8.5, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43 – 7.35 (m, 4H), 7.29 – 7.21 (m, 4H), 7.10 (td, J = 7.5, 0.5 Hz, 1H), 5.17 (s, 2H), 3.91 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.00 (s, 1H), 0.83 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H) ppm;

13C NMR (150 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 174.1, 166.2, 156.2, 148.0, 139.8, 137.2, 132.8, 132.0, 130.5, 129.4, 128.7, 128.2, 127.6, 125.5, 125.2, 124.3, 123.6, 120.9, 118.9, 116.4, 115.8, 113.5, 70.2, 60.2, 14.0 ppm;

HRMS (ESI) calcd for [C25H21NO4+H]+ 400.1471, found 400.1463.

STR1 STR2

Development of an SNAr Reaction: A Practical and Scalable Strategy To Sequester and Remove HF

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY SELECT

Abstract Image

A simple and operationally practical method to sequester and remove fluoride generated through the SNAr reaction between amines and aryl fluorides is reported. Calcium propionate acts as an inexpensive and environmentally benign in situ scrubber of the hydrofluoric acid byproduct, which is simply precipitated and filtered from the reaction mixture during standard aqueous workup. The method has been tested from 10 to 100 g scale of operation, showing >99.5% decrease in fluoride content in each case. Full mass recovery of calcium fluoride is demonstrated at both scales, proving this to be a general, efficient, and robust method of fluoride abstraction to help prevent corrosion of glass-lined reactors.

Development of an SNAr Reaction: A Practical and Scalable Strategy To Sequester and Remove HF

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Development of an SNAr Reaction: A Practical and Scalable Strategy To Sequester and Remove HF

Abstract Image

A simple and operationally practical method to sequester and remove fluoride generated through the SNAr reaction between amines and aryl fluorides is reported. Calcium propionate acts as an inexpensive and environmentally benign in situ scrubber of the hydrofluoric acid byproduct, which is simply precipitated and filtered from the reaction mixture during standard aqueous workup. The method has been tested from 10 to 100 g scale of operation, showing >99.5% decrease in fluoride content in each case. Full mass recovery of calcium fluoride is demonstrated at both scales, proving this to be a general, efficient, and robust method of fluoride abstraction to help prevent corrosion of glass-lined reactors.

Development of an SNAr Reaction: A Practical and Scalable Strategy To Sequester and Remove HF

 Institute of Process Research and Development, School of Chemistry and School of Chemical and Process EngineeringUniversity of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
 Chemical DevelopmentAstraZeneca, Macclesfield SK10 2NA, United Kingdom
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00090

///////////////aryl amines, calcium fluoride, fluoride sequestration, scale-up, SNAr reaction,

“ALL FOR DRUGS” CATERS TO EDUCATION GLOBALLY, No commercial exploits are done or advertisements added by me. This is a compilation for educational purposes only. P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent

National award to Anthony Melvin Crasto for contribution to Pharma society from Times Network for Excellence in HEALTHCARE) | 5th July, 2018 | Taj Lands End, Mumbai, India

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DR ANTHONY MEVIN CRASTO Conferred prestigious individual national award at function for contribution to Pharma society from Times Network, National Awards for Marketing Excellence ( For Excellence in HEALTHCARE) | 5th July, 2018 | Taj Lands End, Mumbai India

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////////////National award,  contribution to Pharma society, Times Network, Excellence in HEALTHCARE,  5th July, 2018, Taj Lands End, Mumbai,  India, ANTHONY CRASTO

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National award to Anthony Melvin Crasto for contribution to Pharma society from Times Network for Excellence in HEALTHCARE) | 5th July, 2018 | Taj Lands End, Mumbai, India

New Drug Approvals

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DR ANTHONY MEVIN CRASTO Conferred prestigious individual national award at function for contribution to Pharma society from Times Network, National Awards for Marketing Excellence ( For Excellence in HEALTHCARE) | 5th July, 2018 | Taj Lands End, Mumbai India

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////////////National award,  contribution to Pharma society, Times Network, Excellence in HEALTHCARE,  5th July, 2018, Taj Lands End, Mumbai,  India, ANTHONY CRASTO

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