Synthesis of isosorbide: an overview of challenging reactions

New Drug Approvals

Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01912B, Tutorial Review
C. Dussenne, T. Delaunay, V. Wiatz, H. Wyart, I. Suisse, M. Sauthier
This review gives an overview of the catalysts and technologies developed for the synthesis of isosorbide, a platform molecule derived from biomass (sorbitol and cellulose).

Synthesis of isosorbide: an overview of challenging reactions

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New Drug Approvals



Elamipretide biologic depiction




CAS 736992-21-5

Chemical Formula: C32H49N9O5

Molecular Weight: 639.8

  • A free radical scavenger and antioxidant that localizes in the inner mitochondrial membrane.
  • Mitochondrial Protective Agent to Improve Cell Viability
  1. Elamipretide
  2. bendavia
  3. UNII-87GWG91S09
  4. 736992-21-5
  5. MTP 131
  6. RX 31
  7. SS 31
  8. 87GWG91S09
  9. L-Phenylalaninamide, D-arginyl-2,6-dimethyl-L-tyrosyl-L-lysyl-
  10. SS-31 peptide
  11. Arg-Dmt-Lys-Phe-NH2
  12. D-Arg-Dmt-Lys-Phe-NH2
  13. SS31 peptide
  14. Elamipretide [USAN:INN]
  15. MTP-131
  16. Elamipretide (USAN/INN)
  17. arginyl-2,’6′-dimethyltyrosyl-lysyl-phenylalaninamide
  18. CHEMBL3833370
  19. SCHEMBL15028020
  20. CTK2H1007

Elamipretide (also known as SS-31 and Bendavia)[1][2] is a small mitochondrially-targeted tetrapeptide (D-Arg-dimethylTyr-Lys-Phe-NH2) that appears to reduce the production of toxic reactive oxygen species and stabilize cardiolipin.[3]

Stealth Peptides, a privately held company, was founded in 2006 to develop intellectual property licensed from several universities including elamipretide; it subsequently changed its name to Stealth BioTherapeutics.[4][5]Acute coronary syndrome; Age related macular degeneration; Cardiac failure; Corneal dystrophy; Diabetic macular edema; Lebers hereditary optic atrophy

  • Originator Stealth Peptides
  • Developer Stealth BioTherapeutics
  • Class Eye disorder therapies; Ischaemic…

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Total CCl4 guest alignment in a quasiracemic clathrate closely related to Dianin’s compound

CrystEngComm, 2017, 19,5703-5706
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01275F, Communication
Christopher S. Frampton, James H. Gall, David D. MacNicol
In the trigonal CCl4quasiracemic clathrate, space group R3, formed from host components S-(-)-Dianin’s compound, 4, and its (+)-2R,4R 2-nor methyl analogue, 2, the unprecedented complete ordering of a C-Cl bond of the guest with respect to the c-axial direction and the participation of an unexpected host conformation is reported for the first time.

Total CCl4 guest alignment in a quasiracemic clathrate closely related to Dianin’s compound

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Single crystal X-ray analysis at 100 K reveals that in the trigonal CCl4quasiracemic clathrate, space group R3, formed from host components S-(−)-Dianin’s compound and its (+)-2R,4R 2-nor methyl analogue there is an unprecedented complete ordering of a C–Cl bond of the guest with respect to the c-axial direction. In this clathrate and that formed from the (+)-2R,4R and (+)-2R,4S epimers the participation of an unexpected host conformation is reported for the first time.



2,5-Bis(ethoxymethyl)furan, 6

1H NMR (CDCl3) = 6.20 (s, 2H), 4.36 (s, 4H), 3.47 (q, 4H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.16 (t, 6H, J = 7.1 Hz);

13C NMR (CDCl3) = 150.9, 109.7, 65.7, 64.7, 15.1 ppm


Green Chem., 2017, Advance Article

DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02211E, Paper

F. A. Kucherov, K. I. Galkin, E. G. Gordeev, V. P. Ananikov

Efficient one-pot synthesis of tricyclic compounds from biobased 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is described using a [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction.

Efficient route for the construction of polycyclic systems from bioderived HMF

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New Drug Approvals

Image result for TOZADENANTTozadenant


  • Molecular Formula C19H26N4O4S
  • Average mass 406.499 Da

A2 (3); A2a-(3); RO4494351; RO4494351-000; RO4494351-002; SYN-115

Phase III clinical trials at Biotie Therapies for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease as an adjunctive therapy with levodopa

1-Piperidinecarboxamide, 4-hydroxy-N-[4-methoxy-7-(4-morpholinyl)-2-benzothiazolyl]-4-methyl-
4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-piperidine-1-carboxylic acid(4-methoxy-7-morpholin-4-yl-benzothiazol-2-yl)-amide
CAS 870070-55-6
  • Originator Roche
  • Developer Acorda Therapeutics
  • Class Amides; Antiparkinsonians; Benzothiazoles; Carboxylic acids; Morpholines; Piperidines; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Adenosine A2A receptor antagonists

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase III Parkinson’s disease
  • Phase I Liver disorders

Most Recent Events

  • 30 Jun 2017 Biotie Therapies plans a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in Canada (NCT03200080)
  • 30 Jun 2017 Phase-I clinical trials in Liver disorders (In volunteers) in USA (PO) (NCT03212313)
  • 27 Apr 2017 Acorda Therapeutics initiates enrolment in a phase III trial for Parkinson’s disease in Germany (EudraCT2016-003961-25)(NCT03051607)

Biotie Therapies Holding , under license from Roche , is developing tozadenant (phase…

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Lifetime achievement award, WHC17, in Hyderabad, Telangana, India 22 Aug 2017

New Drug Approvals

Lifetime achievement award ……..WORLD HEALTH CONGRESS 2017 in Hyderabad, 22 aug 2017 at JNTUH KUKATPALLY. HYDERABAD, TELANGANA, INDIA, Award given by Dr. M Sunitha Reddy Head of the Department, Centre for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Science &Technology, JNTU-H, Kukatpally, Hyderabad, India

Speaking at World health congress 2017….JNTUH Hyderabad 22 aug 2017

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Control of stereoselectivity of benzylic hydroxylation catalysed by wild-type cytochrome P450BM3 using decoy molecules

Control of stereoselectivity of benzylic hydroxylation catalysed by wild-type cytochrome P450BM3 using decoy molecules

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY01130J, Paper
Kazuto Suzuki, Joshua Kyle Stanfield, Osami Shoji, Sota Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Yoshitsugu Shiro, Yoshihito Watanabe
The benzylic hydroxylation of non-native substrates was catalysed by cytochrome P450BM3, wherein “decoy molecules” controlled the stereoselectivity of the reactions.
  • Catalysis Science & Technology

Control of stereoselectivity of benzylic hydroxylation catalysed by wild-type cytochrome P450BM3 using decoy molecules


The hydroxylation of non-native substrates catalysed by wild-type P450BM3 is reported, wherein “decoy molecules”, i.e., native substrate mimics, controlled the stereoselectivity of hydroxylation reactions. We employed decoy molecules with diverse structures, resulting in either a significant improvement in enantioselectivity or clear inversion of stereoselectivity in the benzylic hydroxylation of alkylbenzenes and cycloalkylbenzenes. For example, supplementation of wild-type P450BM3 with 5-cyclohexylvaleric acid-L-phenylalanine (5CHVA-Phe) and Z-proline-L-phenylalanine yielded 53% (R) ee and 56% (S) ee for indane hydroxylation, respectively, although 16% (S) ee was still observed in the absence of any additives. Moreover, we performed a successful crystal structure analysis of 5CHVA-L-tryptophan-bound P450BM3 at 2.00 Å, which suggests that the changes in selectivity observed were caused by conformational changes in the enzyme induced by binding of the decoy molecules.

M2 Kazuto Suzuki \ suzuki.kazuto*

Yoshihito Watanabe yoshi*